Resolving vibration induced engineering problems…

Every object in the nature has endless number of vibration frequencies…

Advanced Engineering > Structural Analyses

Vibration Analyses

Every object in the nature has endless number of vibration frequencies and mode shapes that are called "Natural Frequencies". Calculation of these frequencies and their mode shapes are important to solve the vibration induced engineering problems. Natural frequencies and mode shapes of simple objects can be found by using analytical methods. However, complex shaped objects can only be analyzed by numerical methods. Finite element methods and the improved computer calculation capacities enable to investigate the natural frequencies and mode shapes of complex structures by idealizing them into computable small parts which are called "finite elements".

Vibration Analysis (Iran
Water Research Building)
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Superstructure (12700 DWT
Chemical Tanker)
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Main Engine (12700 DWT
Chemical Tanker)
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Superstructure (12700 DWT
Chemical Tanker)
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Rudder Vibration Analysis
(Container Ship)
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Deck Structure (12700 DWT
Chemical Tanker)
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Vibration Analysis
(Iran Water Research Building)
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Vibration analyses can be divided into two main parts. These are;

  • Natural frequency and mode shape extraction
  • Forced vibration analysis

By natural frequency analysis, the object's natural frequencies are obtained. A frequency of a periodic force which is applied to this object could be near to one of the object's natural frequencies. If so, that frequency is excited and the structure starts to vibrate in its mode shape and natural frequency. If excitation frequency comes across the structure's natural frequency, "resonance" event occurs. In many case resonance is undesirable and either excitation frequency or structure's natural frequency should be changed.

Some situations may arise where avoiding from resonance is not possible especially in complex structures. In that case, the vibration levels should be known. Forced vibration analyses can be applied to calculate the structure's vibration response (displacement, velocity and acceleration) to excitation frequencies.

Resonance induced displacements and stress values may cause structural damages, fatigue and discomfort crew or passenger environment.

In forced vibration analyses, excitation forces and their frequencies as well as structure's natural frequencies need to be known. Sometimes excitation forces are not easy to calculate as magnitude and/or as frequency in vibration problems. For example, wind stream induced excitation forces and frequencies around a suspension bridge or propeller thrust fluctuations after a ship body advancing in irregular seas. On the other hand, material and structure's damping characteristics should also be specified very carefully to obtain good results as close as possible to reality.

Other important matter in vibration analyses is the effect of the surrounding fluid around the structure which significantly alters its vibration response by frequency dependent added mass effect. This is defined as structure-fluid interaction and especially important for ships global hydro-elastic vibration characteristics. Analyses regarding ships global response without taking the surrounding fluid effects yield wrong results.

MESH, accomplishes the uncertainties in the vibration analyses either by using other engineering tools or using own wide experiences.

We are participating to Abaqus Turkey Users Meeting.

Abaqus Turkey Users Meeting, of which Mesh Engineering & Software Co. is a regular participant, is going to be held on 17th-18th November 2011 in Istanbul Byotell. Details. >>


Related References

  • MSH-STR-138, 12700 DWT Tanker Titreşim Analizi, Atlantik Denizcilik Tic. ve San. A.Ş., 2009
  • MSH-STR-108, 10000 DWT Tanker (Cimil) Titreşim Analizi, Yardımcı Gemi İnşa A.Ş., 2006
  • MSH-STR-107, 10000 DWT Tanker (Atlantik Miracle) Titreşim Analizi, Atlantik Denizcilik Tic. ve San. A.Ş., 2006
  • MSH-STR-105, 20000 DWT Tanker (Letizia Effe) Titreşim Analizi, Soli Gemi İnşa San. A.Ş., 2006
  • MSH-STR-098, 20000 DWT Bulk Carrier (Eylül K) Titreşim Analizi, İleri Denizcilik ve Ticaret A.Ş., 2006
  • MSH-STR-091, 3900 DWT Tanker (FS Camille) Titreşim Analizi, Fouquet Sacop Maritime , 2005
  • MSH-STR-086, 7000 DWT Tanker (Trefin Leader) Titreşim Analizi, Düzgit Gemi İnşa San. A.Ş., 2005
  • MSH-STR-085, 7000 DWT Tanker (Red Wing) Titreşim Analizi, Gemak Gemi İnşaat San. ve Tic. A.Ş., 2005
  • MSH-STR-079, 7000 DWT Tanker (Pakri Victory) Titreşim Analizi, Med Marine Holding, 2005
  • MSH-STR-067, 7100 DWT Tanker (Bro Goliath) Titreşim Analizi, Atlantik Denizcilik Tic. ve San. A.Ş., 2004
  • All References >>